What Is The Average Height For Women?

When we contemplate the intricacies of human height, we embark on a journey into the realm of nature’s diversity, where an intricate interplay of genetics, ethnicity, nutrition, and overall health conspire to determine our stature. Much like the ever-shifting tides of a coastline, the average height for women is subject to fluctuation. In the United States, where a rich tapestry of backgrounds and influences converges, the tape measure reveals an approximate mark of 5 feet 4 inches, or about 63.7 inches, as the average height for women.

However, let us not forget that these statistical benchmarks are not etched in stone; they morph over time and carve different figures across the global landscape. As we embark on this exploration, we shall delve deeper into the nuances of the average height for women, unravelling the intricate tapestry of factors that orchestrate this captivating symphony of variation.

Human height, a seemingly straightforward physical attribute, is in fact a complex and ever-evolving subject of study. It reflects not only the biological essence of our species but also the dynamic interplay between genetics and the environment. It serves as a silent storyteller of our health, nutrition, and even cultural influences. The average height for women, a statistic often taken for granted, carries with it a wealth of insights into the diverse tapestry of human existence.

As we embark on this journey, we will peel back the layers of this enigmatic subject, revealing how factors such as genetics, ethnicity, nutrition, and overall health combine to create the mosaic of heights we observe around the world. We will navigate through the currents of change that redefine these averages over time and across different regions, shedding light on the fascinating story of human height and its ever-evolving narrative. So, fasten your seatbelts as we venture into this captivating exploration of the intricate dance between nature’s forces that determine the height of women across the globe.

How has the average height changed for women?

In fact, the average height of women in the U.S. has some differences by ethnicity.

  • Non-Hispanic Black: 5 feet 4 inches (64 inches)
  • Non-Hispanic White: 5 ft. 3.9 in. (63.9 in.)
  • Hispanic: 5 ft. 2 in. (62 in.)
  • Mexican American: 5 ft. 1.7 in. (61.7 in.)
  • Non-Hispanic Asian: 5 ft. 1.5 in. (61.5 in.)

As mentioned above, height changes over time. In the early 1900s, women between the ages 20 to 29 had an average height of 62.4 inches. By 1960, it was reported that the average number had changed to 63.7 inches – almost two inches taller than 50 years before [1].

But at present, the average height for women in the U.S. is rising more slowly compared to folks in other high-income countries.


Why does the declining height rate happen?

Since the 1960s, the average height for women in the U.S. has increased very slightly. So, what affects this slower height rate?

Some say it is related to the quality of nutrition in infancy and childhood or maybe selecting lower quality foods brings bad effects on height growth [2]. Also, immigration influences changes in height over time in a certain region as people from areas with lower stature enter the population [3].

But how about the average height for women worldwide? Is it similar to American women? Let’s check it out!

What is the average female height worldwide?

Growth rates have not slowed in all parts of the world. The tallest and shortest women in the world change in height by around eight inches. On average, Dutch women are the tallest at about 5 feet 7 inches, while women in Guatemala are the shortest at just under 4 feet 11 inches.

Let’s take a look at other countries!

CountryAverage Height
The Netherlands5 ft. 7 in. (170.36 cm)
Estonia5 ft. 6 in. (168.88 cm)
Latvia5 ft 6 in. (168.81 cm)
Poland5 ft. 5 in. (165.78 cm)
United Kingdom5 ft. 4.7 in. (164.4 cm)
China5 ft. 2.9 in (159.7 cm)
North Korea5 ft. 2.6 in. (159 cm)
Mexico5 ft 1.8 in. (156.9 cm)
South Asia5 ft 0.4 in. (153.3 cm)
Guatemala4 ft. 11 in. (149 cm)

What factors affect height in women?

Genes or DNA

Genes or DNA play a pivotal role in determining an individual’s height, contributing significantly to the height variations observed among people. Scientists estimate that approximately 60 to 80 percent of the differences in height can be attributed to genetic factors. Moreover, researchers have identified as many as 700 genetic variations that can influence an individual’s height. Essentially, when two tall individuals procreate, they are more likely to have a tall offspring, while the same principle applies to shorter parents.

In addition to determining height, certain genetic conditions can also impact overall growth and development. For instance, individuals with Turner syndrome typically exhibit below-average height due to genetic factors.


The regulation of our height is closely tied to hormonal processes within the body. These hormones play a crucial role in guiding the growth plates to generate new bone tissue. The key hormones involved in this process include human growth hormones, thyroid hormones, and sex hormones.

Human growth hormones, produced by the pituitary gland, are particularly vital for achieving optimal growth. However, certain health conditions may limit the production of human growth hormones, leading to slower growth rates in affected children.

Thyroid glands produce hormones that have an impact on height growth.

Estrogen, a significant sex hormone, plays a pivotal role in the growth of girls during puberty.


There is a notable difference in average height between men and women, with men typically being taller and continuing to grow for a longer duration compared to women. On average, adult men are approximately 5.5 inches taller than adult women. In the United States, the average height for men is around 69.1 inches, whereas women average about 63.7 inches in height. This disparity can be attributed, in part, to genetic variations on the X chromosomes, which contribute to various physical differences between the sexes, including height. Since women typically possess two X chromosomes, they tend to have a shorter stature.


While genetics accounts for a significant portion (60 to 80 percent) of height differences among individuals, environmental factors, primarily nutrition, can also have a substantial impact (20 to 40 percent) on a person’s final height.

Adequate nutrition during childhood is essential for reaching one’s full height potential. It is recommended that children and adolescents maintain a well-balanced and diverse diet, rich in fruits and vegetables to ensure the intake of essential vitamins and minerals. Additionally, incorporating protein and calcium-rich foods such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, nuts, seeds, dairy products, and citrus fruits is crucial for promoting bone health and optimal growth.

For pregnant individuals, maintaining proper nutrition is essential for the fetal bone development and overall health. A varied diet that includes beans, nuts, green and orange vegetables, fruits, fish, meat, and pasteurized dairy products is recommended during pregnancy.


During deep sleep, the body releases the hormones necessary for growth. Sleep also plays a critical role in promoting growth in children and teenagers. Ensuring that a child gets approximately 8 to 10 hours of sleep per night is essential for optimal growth and development.

Physical Exercise

Regular physical exercise is essential for normal physical growth as it stimulates the production of growth hormones. It also helps stretch the body and promotes the development of the legs and spine, maximizing growth potential. Additionally, participating in sports and outdoor activities allows the body to absorb vitamin D, which is crucial for bone health and growth.



The geographical location in which you grow up significantly impacts your height, as it plays a pivotal role in determining the availability of essential nutrients and resources crucial for healthy growth and development. Several critical location-based factors contribute to this influence:

  • Access to Clean Water: The availability of clean and safe drinking water is paramount for proper hydration and overall health. In regions with limited access to clean water, individuals may face challenges in achieving their full height potential due to potential health issues stemming from waterborne diseases.
  • Local Climate: The climate of a specific area affects the types of crops that can be grown and the availability of fresh produce. In regions with extreme climates or limited agricultural opportunities, nutritional diversity may be compromised, potentially impacting growth.
  • General Sanitation: Adequate sanitation facilities and practices are essential to prevent the spread of diseases and infections. In areas lacking proper sanitation infrastructure, individuals are at a higher risk of illnesses that can hinder growth and development.
  • Available Food: The local food supply greatly influences dietary choices and nutritional intake. In regions with limited access to diverse and nutritious food options, individuals may not receive the essential nutrients required for optimal growth.
  • Access to Childhood Vaccinations: Vaccinations play a vital role in protecting children from various diseases that can stunt their growth or lead to long-term health issues. Unequal access to vaccination programs can impact a child’s overall well-being.
  • Availability of Quality Healthcare: Access to quality healthcare during childhood and pregnancy is critical for monitoring growth and addressing any health issues promptly. In regions with limited healthcare resources, individuals may face challenges in receiving necessary medical attention during their formative years.

Family environment

Having a nurturing and supportive home environment is essential for the healthy development of pre-adolescent children, particularly girls. It is a well-established fact that childhood trauma and adverse experiences can have profound and far-reaching impacts on their emotional, physical, and psychological well-being. When children are raised in an environment that lacks the necessary care and support, they become more susceptible to various health issues, which in turn can hinder their overall growth and development

In a word

While understanding the average height of women can serve as a useful indicator for assessing the overall health and living conditions within a population, it’s important to recognize that height alone is not the sole determining factor. Additionally, a child’s potential for reaching their optimal height is significantly influenced by factors such as proper nutrition and a nurturing living environment during both pregnancy and childhood. These crucial elements play a pivotal role in providing a child with the best possible opportunity to attain their full height potential.

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